Path to the forest. Casein and gouache on paper 10″x14″.
Forest scene showing two male deer. The first stage was a quick watercolor-esque gouache application (left). The gouache can be treated just like watercolor, this consists mostly of wet-in-wet washes of burnt umber, yellow ochre and cobalt blue. For this, transparent gouache pigments are essential since many manufacturers add titanium white or filler in their gouache.
Even though gouache ‘lifts’ with water, addition of thicker casein paint on top of the first stage can be done with minimal lifting (Right). This shines through, particularly in the dry brush effects with the grass. Some brown ink was added later for fine lines in the fur.